United Horned Hair Sheep Association, Inc.
These are the standards that all breeders should do their best to have as breeding
goals. Some standards are required for registration and a complete list of standards
which are required for registration is listed afterwards.

Traits discriminated against, traits which are suggested to be used minimally in
breeding the sheep, are a fault and are not a disqualification and animals exhibiting
faults in one area or another are still able to be registered. An animal displaying a trait
that is listed as a disqualification is NOT able to be registered or recorded. Sheep
which do not exhibit the requirements for registrations are considered to be
disqualified and not eligible for registration.

The General Character and Appearance of the Sheep represented by the United
Horned Hair Sheep Association, Inc., should be one of a noble animal. The sheep
should look like an athlete with a lean, sleek form. The sheep are not purely a meat
breed but are more for multiple markets
(Click Here for more information about
multiple markets) and may not necessarily weigh nor exhibit the deep and heavy
muscling of sheep which are considered purely meat breeds.

A good term in regards to Mouflon is deer-like in appearance and nature.

Should be well balanced and proportional to the body and held high when the sheep
is alerted. Ewes should have a more feminine face and features than the rams.

The back of the head of mature rams may display a slight to extreme rounded hump
behind the horn base. This is part of the rams’ physical frame which helps cushion the
brain during any sparring.

Young lambs typically have a straight profile.

As ewes age, some may display a slight roman nose (elevated area on the nose
bridge seen when viewed from the side profile) while many will maintain the straight

As the rams age, a slight to moderate roman nose (elevated area on the nose bridge
seen when viewed from the side profile) may be displayed. One may note a bigger
elevation on the nose bridge during times association with breeding cycles or during
an increase in sparring activity among rams.

The Nose and Muzzle of the Mouflon sheep reflect their status as one of the most
colorful wild sheep found. The nose has varying amounts of Black and dark Fawn on
their nose with some light gray to white. Light Gray to White is usually found above the
generally black nose pad. On Mouflon ewes, the light coloring will generally increase
in size as the sheep matures.

Mouflon Sheep are considered a hair or shedding sheep. These sheep actually have
two coats: a hair type coat and usually a more wooly undercoat. The undercoat may
resemble a thicker hair to a more wool type look and texture. This undercoat grows
during cool weather and will naturally shed off when warmer weather arrives.

In colder climates, some sheep may exhibit a fuller winter undercoat; however, the
undercoat should completely shed off without shearing when warm weather arrives
with the exceptions of lambs and some yearlings.

The ability of the sheep to grow and shed the undercoat, may lead to only partial
shedding for a time in various climates. A complete shedding generally occurs by May,
June or early July. The exact time for a complete and natural shedding depends on
the climate. Lambs and some yearlings may not shed totally till the next year.

Mouflon sheep may have a slight shedding of coarse guard hairs in the fall,
dependent of the climate.

The complete and natural shedding ability is important in maintaining ease of care
and a lack of such shedding may be indicative of parent breeds in the background
that are not desirable or of having wool parent breeds in the recent background.

Variations of Brown from Fawn, Mahogany to Cinnamon with black hairs mixed in at
times. Inside of ears may take a a grayish color or be white. The underside should be
white and the area underneath the tail and surrounding the tail (the tail patch) should
also be white.

The sides may have a defined black line separating the white underside and the main
body color. This is seen especially on the rams.

Black on top of forelegs will vary in amount among individuals with cream to white on
the bottom of the legs.

Rams will display light gray to white saddle patches in winter.  Saddle patches are
areas of color located in the middle of the side of the sheep and flowing over the back
as shown in the picture to the left. Winter colors may be darker with the ram
developing more black in the chest area. Ewes will not display a white saddle patch
nor develop as much black in the chest area.

The nose will show light gray to white around the nose pad. As the Ewes age, the
lighter area may spread out. As they age, rams’ winter saddle patches may brighten
from light gray to totally brilliant white also.

Ears are generally at a slightly higher angle than parallel to the ground. Naturally
occurring (not due to injury or other difficulties) droopy ears are a disqualification for
registration as they may be indicative of crossbreeding.

Ears generally should come to a slight point at the tip, appear relatively narrow and
not be completely rounded in shape.

Natural ears may vary in length but are generally in the range of 3 - 4 inches.
Abbreviations used within the registry are as such: E indicating Elf Ears, G indicating
Gopher Ears, and N indicating Natural Ears. Elf Ears and Gopher Ears are a
disqualification in the UHHSA, Inc. for Mouflon Sheep, and will render the sheep

Eyes should be bright and alert and must be free from genetic eyelid defects such as

The color of the eyes vary from dark brown, golden brown to amber.

Incisor teeth should meet the dental pad. A severe and distinct space between the
incisor teeth and the dental pad is a disqualification.

Sheep should not have an extreme overbite (parrot mouth) or underbite (monkey jaw).

SEE DIAGRAM to the right.

CLICK HERE to learn how to estimate the age of your sheep by looking at the teeth!

Neck should continue from the head and gradually lead into the shoulders and be
gracefully held when sheep are alert.

A ewe’s neck will be graceful and proportional in size based on the ewe‘s overall frame.

A ram’s neck will be thicker and more muscular than a ewe‘s neck in appearance and
to the touch. During the Fall or cooler weather, rams may display an increase in hair
and undercoat growth around the neck area which will make the neck look much

Mature rams will display a dark mane in the winter and will generally shed the mane in
the summer. Mouflon ewes should not show a mane.

A ram’s mane may be varied in length from short to long.

The shoulders should be developed and muscled proportionally to the size of the
sheep. They should flow into the ribs (well laid into the ribs).

The withers (area between the shoulder blades along the top line) may be elevated
with rams exhibiting a more pronounced and higher elevated wither. Some sheep may
have a completely straight topline and no elevation at the withers.

The width of the chest of most Mouflon Sheep will be narrow to moderate with a more
athletic look - proportional to the size of the sheep.

The width of the front of the sheep should not be greater than the width of the back of
the sheep to facilitate lambing.

Continuing after a smooth transition from straight or elevated withers, the back should
be strong, level and relatively smooth. The Back may tend in width to look lean, sleek,
and athletic.

The back is proportioned to the height of the sheep and is generally not longer than
the height.

Ribs should be well sprung. The abdomen of Mouflon and high content Mouflon ewes
are primarily shaped and geared toward single births.

The bottom line should not be tucked in at the foreflank nor the rearflank.

The Legs should be sound and proportioned to size of individual sheep. Sheep will
have long athletic legs, usually longer than body height from bottom line to top line.
Rams will generally have thicker legs then ewes.

Legs should have a conformationally correct appearance. Front legs should not be
knock kneed, bowlegged, buck-kneed or calf kneed. Rear Legs should not be cow
hocked, sickle hocked or post legged. Lower Legs on both front and rear legs should
not toe in (angle inward/pigeon toed) or toe out (angle outward/splayfooted) too
much. Pasterns should be strong and correct.  

CLICK HERE for diagrams showing Leg Conformation

A nice four square stance is desired with legs standing nicely in line with the body of
the sheep.

Mouflon sheep are known to stand at alert... ready to flee at a moment's notice. Many
will brace and stand with one rear leg behind the other.

Continuing from the back, the rump should exhibit a gradually angled slope to the

Size and muscling of rump are proportional to the size of the overall sheep.

The Thigh should be well developed in proportion to the size of the sheep.

The twist is the junction where the insides of the thighs meet. To compare sheep as
far as meat capability, the measurement of the depth of the twist may be taken. To
measure the depth of the twist, one can place hands at the top of the tail and at the
crotch. This measurement assists especially in judging of pure meat sheep breeds
and shows the depth of muscling in this area.

The Mouflon sheep tend toward the depth of the twist being minimal to moderately
deep. The Twist should be muscled proportional to the size and frame of the individual

A ewe’s udder should be well proportioned and relatively symmetrical and have only
two teats. A ewe with more than two teats is discriminated against. The teats should
be free of obvious defects affecting function.

Both Testicles should be uniform and symmetrical, free of obvious deformities.
Testicles should be well sized and the scrotum itself should also be free of obvious

SEE SCROTUM/TESTICLES Diagram to the right for illustrations.

Tails should not be “round” and should be more “flat“.

Tail length must be no longer than 4 inches or having more than 11 coccygeal
vertebrae. Short tails are a requirement for registration.

for photos.

Hooves should be well formed and kept free of deformities and disease.

Hooves should be dark colored.

All rams must grow and display horns, however, both polled (hornless) and horned
ewes are acceptable. Ewes must not have scurs.

Rams with scurs are not eligible for registration. To be registered, ram lambs out of
unregistered parents will need to exhibit horns in submitted registration photographs.

Rams horns display when viewed from the front should show plenty of space between
the face and the curve of the horns. The tips should not be allowed to grow into the
neck and cause health issues. Filing or training of the horns to prevent horns from
touching the face or the neck is acceptable and will not prevent the ram from being
registered. However, such activities should always be disclosed in a honest manner to
potential customers.

Mouflon Sheep will display Heart Shaped horns called Supracervical (abbreviated as
SH) when viewed from the front. Some may be wider than others at the “tips“. The
horns should arch in creating the heart shape and not outward. The horns may or
may not start a turn back up; however, when the horns do start a turn upward, the
generally broomed tips (broken ends) should not flare outward past the other part of
the horns. At times horns may approach face or the neck but care to ensure that the
horns do not grow into face or the neck should be taken. SEE PICTURES below right.

Ewes’ horns really do not take on shapes as the rams’ horns. They sometimes can be
curved outward or backward. Most pure mouflon ewes should not have horns and
some believe horned ewes indicate crossbreeding; however due to some sheep which
have been labeled as mouflon being imported (from Corsica) exhibiting horns, horned
ewes are not a disqualification in the UHHSA, Inc. To indicate Horned Ewes in the
registry, HE is the abbreviation used.

Horn Length generally range from 20 - 29 inches with broomed ends (tips broken off
by the ram). Exceptional horns are 26 - 33 inches in length. Bases generally range
from 8 - 10 inches in circumference. An exceptional few will have 11 inch bases. Most
will only complete ¾ of a curl when viewed from the side and by age 3 - 4 a ½ curl is
visible as viewed from the side. By 5 to 6 years of age, rams may exhibit ¾ of a curl.
Horns generally slow down during late winter/early spring unless fed to overcome the


For Mouflon Sheep, cream/white to dark colored horns should be exhibited.

Mouflon sheep are one of the smallest sheep found in the wild. Rams tend to 27 - 35
inches in height and ewes stand 25 - 30 inches tall. However, some heights of
individual sheep may be less than those ranges. It is not a fault or disqualification for
sheep outside the average height at this time.

The weight of the sheep varies and individual sheep may weigh outside the range.
Generally, adult rams weigh upwards of 90 - 120 lbs and ewes weigh around 77 lbs
average. It is not a fault or disqualification for sheep outside the average weight at this

  • Rams must have horns
  • Color as per Breed Standards must be exhibited with limited individual
    variances. United Horned Hair Sheep Association, Inc., reserves the right to
    request additional photos showing horns, coat or other attributes of the sheep
    for which registration or recording is requested.
  • Mature rams must display a white saddle patch during the winter
  • Sheep at maturity normally exhibiting shedding ability
  • Tails must be less than 4 inches or 11 coccygeal vertebrae in length

  • Rams’ horns touching the face or neck at maturity and causing a health issue
    which is not monitored by the owner
  • Extra Teats on ewes
  • Slight under or over bite, with teeth just barely touching the edge of the dental
  • Sheep which do not shed out completely at maturity on a general basis

  • Sheep with a known background which contains sheep other than Mouflon
  • Rams which are polled or have scurs at maturity
  • Ewes with scurs (not applicable to ewes with short horns or horns which had
    broke off)
  • Tails more than 4 inches or 11 coccygeal vertebrae
  • Docked tails
  • Hermaphroditism
  • One or both testicles not descended
  • Severe under or over bite, with distinct space between teeth and edge of dental
  • Entropion (inverted eye lids) or other genetic eyelid defects
  • Naturally occurring droopy or floppy ears on adults

Sheep with Disqualifying traits are not eligible for registration and will be denied
registration. Excessive Discriminating traits of an individual sheep may render that
sheep ineligible for registration if, at the inspectors and board of directors discretion,
such traits seriously challenge the breed identity.
THIS website is copyright May 2009 by United Horned
Hair Sheep Association, Inc.  Active Members of UHHSA
are permitted to use information on their website to help
in ethical and honest promotion and education about the
breeds represented.  However, a link to this website
should be provided.

Pictures are copyrighted by owners of the sheep
pictured and permission will need to be sought to use the
Normal Bite
Short tails showing up against the white tail patches
Note the black line down the center of the tail
Young Mouflon Ram Lamb
Note the coloring of the coat
As the ram matures, in the
winter he will develop the
beautiful white Mouflon saddle
See the white eyebrows on
this ram and  the white above
the nosepad
Note the profile on this young
Mouflon Ewe
and the black coloring on the side
of the nose, start of white
eyebrows and the white above
the nose pad as well on the
lower jaw
Note the slight Roman Nose seen on the profile of this
Mouflon Ewe

Same ewe pictured on right:
14 months older and in winter coat
Black on the front of the legs
See the brilliant white saddle
patches, white belly & stockings,
black coloring between the belly and
the sides.  Black is also on the mane
and chest and back legs.
Mature Mouflon Ram
A Mouflon ram lamb and mom
Elf Ear (Left) and Gopher Ear (R)
for Registration as a Mouflon Sheep
Natural Ear length shown at parallel to slightly higher angle
than parallel (young mouflon lamb pictured)
CORRECT ear length and position
Tail Lengths
4 inches or less
or have no more
than 11 coccygeal
The tail lengths which are below the red line are TOO
LONG and are indicative of a sheep not being a
Pure European Mouflon Sheep
Tail lengths which are too long are a disqualification from
Measuring depth of the
twist:  Hand Placement is
indicated by the horizontal
red lines.  The depth is
the vertcal blue line
COAT COLORS may change during the Seasons
(such as Winter Coat vs. Summer Coat) and as the
sheep age.  Variances in amount of black on legs
and on face as well as varying shades of
Mahogany, Cinnamon, Fawn, Light Gray and Sable
may be visible on each animal.

MOUFLONS are truly colorful sheep!
Both Testicles
Normal and even
(L) One testicle did not descend
Unilateral Cryptorchidism
(R) Both testicles did not descend
Bilateral Cryptorchidism
Both testicles small
sized but still
functioning properly
One testicle
smaller than the
A Young Mouflon Ram
Supracervical (SH)
Heart Shaped Horns displayed by Mature Mouflon Rams

Note also the coloring of the horns
Side views of Supracervical Horns
Young Mouflon Ram with good
start on his heart-shaped
(Supracervical) horns
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